08. 10. 2014
Personalised election campaign of the SPD: not second-order after all? © Vincent Venus

European Election 2014: Second-order election model test in Germany

Was the European Election 2014 of second-order to parties and citizens? My master thesis tested the second-order election model at the case of Germany.

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21. 07. 2014
Second-order Election Model – what we know

Second-order Election Model – what we know

The second-order election model has been further developed since Reif and Schmitt 's original work. What is the state-of-art of empirical research?

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